Report on Incidents of Violence Against Women and Girls
This year, Nepal commemorated a 16-day campaign addressing violence against women, rallying under the slogan ” UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls” This initiative pays homage to the tragic fate of Petria, Minerva, and Maria, three sisters from the Dominican Republic brutally murdered during the reign of the Trujillo dictatorship in 1960. Their deaths symbolize the grim reality of gender-based political violence. The United Nations initiated November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on December 17, 1999, marking the start of the 16-day campaign. Nepal joined this cause in 2004, underscoring its commitment to combating such injustices
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Annually, from November 25 to December 10, both governmental and non-governmental bodies spearhead this campaign. Article 38(3) of Nepal’s Constitution (2072) unequivocally prohibits all forms of violence or exploitation against women—be it physical, mental, sexual, psychological, or stemming from religious, social, cultural, or traditional norms. The Domestic Violence Against Women Crime Punishment Act 2066 further fortifies this stance. Alarming statistics reveal a surge in gender-based violence and female fatalities, a disheartening trend highlighted in a report collated from incidents logged on INSEC Online between November 25 and December 10, 2023, curated by the Informal Sector Service Center (INSEC), a watchdog for human rights and violations
The status of women in Nepal, while showing some positive strides compared to prior years, remains far from satisfactory. Encouragingly, there has been a gradual upsurge in legal frameworks concerning women and their political involvement. Yet, women and gender minorities continue to struggle with diverse forms of structural and gender-based violence. Achieving effective enforcement of laws safeguarding women’s rights necessitates heightened awareness and commitment across all levels of movement.