Fifteen Years of Comprehensive Peace Accord:
Continuation of Impunity
November 21, 2021
Today marks the 15th year of the end of the 10-year-long armed conflict between the then Maoist and the Government of Nepal. The commitments made through the Comprehensive Peace Accord on November 21, 2006, related to the justice of the conflict victims have not been addressed till date. The Constitution of Nepal has changed the nation’s political system and structure of the government. According to the peace accord, the management of weapons and combatants has been completed. However, no concrete progress has been made towards the concerns of the conflict victims and the redressal of injustice, assurance of justice, fulfillment, and institutional reform.
We want to express grief to the failure of the institutions established to redress serious human rights violations and abuses. It is even more tragic that the transitional justice mechanism has failed to build trust in its work to reassure the victims and the national and international human rights community. The non-implementation of the international community’s recommendation and the Supreme Court’s order for legal and policy reform has highlighted the indifference of the Government of Nepal and the Federal Parliament to the administration of justice during the conflict.
To strengthen the trust of the citizens towards the Rule of Law, accountability of the political parties, government and concerned bodies towards the policies, laws and the accord is essential. INSEC condemns efforts to perpetuate impunity which is contrary to the written commitments.
The conflict victim profile prepared by INSEC has documented 13,248 cases of killing and 931 cases of enforced disappearances. The ‘Nepal Conflict Report 2012’, published by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights of United Nations, states that there have been more than 10,000 incidents of violation of human rights and humanitarian law during the armed conflict.
INSEC strongly demands immediate amendment of existing laws in line with the Supreme Court’s full bench order given on April 27, 2013, and the Supreme Court order issued on January 2, 2014, not to grant amnesty for serious crimes committed during the period of conflict. We also demand the Government of Nepal and the political parties to follow the peace accord and make arrangements for the relief and reparation of the families of the victims who have lost their family members in the armed conflict.
Dr. Indira Shrestha